Diabetes mellitus (DM),
commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in
which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent
urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many
complications. Acute complications can
include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include
cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage
to the eyes.